Carl received adult stem cell transplants in China in 2007 for the treatment of Ischemic Optic Neuropathy. The donated umbilical cord blood stem cells were transplanted to Carl to help stimulate redevelopment of his optic nerve. Three years along, Carl still maintains the light perception he got back during the treatment. Adult stem cell treatments available today are not cures for Ischemic Optic Neuropathy. Carl's visual improvement, while significant in improving his quality of life, does not amount to a full recovery. Stem cell therapies offering quality of life improvements to debilitating conditions are available and accessible today.