The intravenous injection (IV) can be defined as the infusion of liquid substances directly into a vein. IVs allow healthcare professionals to administer fluids, blood products, and medications directly into a patient’s bloodstream via a small tube. This allows rapid absorption and precise control over the dosage of the substance administered, which is vital for a variety of medical procedures. As stem cells can be taken by the circulatory system to every part of the body, they will migrate to the site of injury or disease.
- The IV tubing is being set up properly and two IV bags (saline solution and stem cells) are being suspended on an elevated stand.
- The injection site (where the IV will be inserted) is being disinfected.
- The IV catheter (IV catheters are mounted over the needle used to puncture the vein) is removed from its sterile packaging and the needle is then inserted into the vein.
- The protective cover is being removed from the end of the IV tubing and is carefully inserted into the catheter hub. A piece of tape is placed over the catheter hub to secure the IV.
- The nurse checks on the flow of fluid into the vein during the whole procedure which lasts 30 to 60 minutes. If the patient feels any discomfort during or after the procedure, the medical staff on site should be informed immediately.
- Once the infusion is done. The nurse closes the roller clamp to stop the flow of fluid. She places a clean piece of gauze over the IV site and applies delicate pressure as the catheter is pulled out.
- Patients are asked to press sterile cotton wool onto injection site for at least 5 minutes.